The Centre for People’s Collective (CPC)


For the Recognition of the Importance of Common Pool Resources (CPRs) and Pastoralism for India’s Livestock Sector

With the purpose of creating visibility  for pastoralism – a livestock production  system that is gaining increased  international recognition1 but not  recognized officially by Indian policy  makers – fourteen experts from all over  India met in Kullu (Himachal Pradesh)  from 13-15 May, 2016 to define the term  in the Indian context and establish a  methodology for estimating numbers  and assessing trends2.  

The experts noted that the principles  of pastoralism are different than those  underlying conventional agriculture in  which native vegetation is replaced  with cultivated crops or sown pasture.  By contrast, pastoralism makes use  of available vegetation or crop by 

products, requires no fuel or fertilizer  (in fact contributes organic fertilizer),  makes it possible to produce food  in marginal areas (deserts, high  mountains) and unlikely ecological  niches (for instance marine areas),  besides benefitting local flora and  fauna. Furthermore, these systems are  able to adapt to climate change.

Camel ( Rajasthan, Gujarat,  

Madhya Pradesh) 3,50,000 10 3 298  Total 387987778 335156 

****based on calculations by Athani, B., et al( 2015) in the paper ‘The significance of  nomadic pastoralism for sustaining soil fertility in Northern Karnataka’, presented at 23rd  International Grasslands Conference, New Delhi and Kolay, A.K. 2007. Manures and  Fertilizers. Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi.

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